Root canals can help save an infected tooth from extraction.
A root canal is a dental procedure used to treat an infected or damaged tooth, typically caused by deep decay, trauma or cracks in the tooth. The procedure involves removing the damaged or infected pulp from inside the tooth and filling the space with a biocompatible material.
The pulp is the soft tissue inside the tooth that contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. When the pulp becomes infected or damaged, it can cause pain, swelling, and other symptoms. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the surrounding tissues and lead to more serious complications.
During a root canal procedure, the dentist will first numb the area with local anesthesia. They will then make a small opening in the top of the tooth and use special tools to remove the damaged or infected pulp. The inside of the tooth is then cleaned and shaped, and a filling material is used to seal the space.
After the root canal procedure, a dental crown may be placed on the tooth to help protect it and restore its function. The crown is usually placed during a separate appointment after the root canal is complete.
Root canals are typically highly successful, with a success rate of over 95%. Patients may experience some soreness or sensitivity for a few days after the procedure, but this can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain medication. With proper care and maintenance, a tooth that has undergone a root canal can last for many years.